in short: this http://www.stratasys.com/3d-printers/design-series/connex-systems makes this by neri oxman and deskriptiv
“Using synthetic biology, this matter would be used to create micro-habitats or systems that would allow humans to explore other planets in the solar system with environments that would otherwise be lethal.”
the concept is somekind of pure scifi wich makes it interesting, growing organs outside of the body to enhance our abilities.
turns out that there is a problem with green and blue: from a lot of animals blue is not created by pigment, it is a structural color
“The butterflies have a 6-inch wingspan — one side a dull brown and the other a vibrant, reflective blue. The butterflies have tiny transparent structures on the surface of their wings that bounce light in just the right way to make them appear a vibrant blue that’s so bright it almost hurts your eyes. But if you grind up the wings, the dust — robbed of its reflective prism structures — would just look gray or brown.”
more stories here http://www.npr.org/series/358046323/colors
“The shapes, you see in these image are about the size of a thumbnail. They are created by mixing ferrofluid with water color and putting it into a magnetic field.
Ferrofluid is a magnetic solution with a viscosity similar to motor oil. When put under a magnetic field, the iron particles in the solution start to rearrange, forming the black channels and separating the water colors from the ferrofluid. The result are these peculiar looking structures.”